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Contents


Test Rules

Basic Test Rules

Navigation Rules


Overview of the Test Tools

All tests have navigation and test tools. Some test tools are available only for specific tests or questions.

There are two types of test tools available:



Available Test Tools

Science

The following tools are available for Science.

Tool Notes

Calculator

This tool is only available for the following tests:

  • Science 5, 8, and HS

Comments

Expand/Collapse Stimulus/Passage and Question

Help [?]
Highlighter
Language Toggle This tool is only available for the Science tests.
Line Reader  
Mark for Review
Masking
Pause See the Pause Rules below.
Periodic Table

This tool is only available for the following tests:

  • Science 8 and HS
Print on Request This tool is only available on sample tests when turning Guest Session off and testing with a TA.
Strikethrough
System Settings
Text-to-Speech
Text-to-Speech Tracking  
Tutorial
Zoom buttons

The following Pause Rules apply to Science:


ELPA

The following tools are available for the ELPA assessments.

Tool Notes

Comments

Expand/Collapse Stimulus/Passage and Question

Help [?]
Highlighter
Line Reader  
Mark for Review

Masking

Pause

See the Pause Rules below.

Print on Request This tool is only available on sample tests when turning Guest Session off and testing with a TA.
Select Previous Version
Strikethrough
System Settings
Tutorial
Zoom buttons

The following Pause Rules apply to the ELPA:


Math and ELA

The following tools are available for Math and ELA.

Tool

Notes

Audio Transcripts

This tool is only available for listening questions on the ELA tests.

American Sign Language

This tool is available for the following tests:

  • Listening questions on the ELA tests
  • All questions on the Math tests
Calculator

This tool is only available for the following tests:

  • Math 6, 7, 8, and High School
Comments
Dictionary This tool is only available for ELA Performance Task assessments.

Expand/Collapse Stimulus/Passage and Question

Global Notes This tool is only available for ELA Performance Task assessments.
Help [?]
Highlighter
Line Reader  
Mark for Review

Masking

Notepad

This tool is available for the following tests:

  • ELA and Math Computer Adaptive Tests
  • Math Performance Task assessments
Pause See the Pause Rules below.
Print on Request This tool is only available on sample tests when turning Guest Session off and testing with a TA.
Select Previous Version
Strikethrough
System Settings
Text-to-Speech For ELA, some passages will not be read aloud.
Text-to-Speech Tracking  
Tutorial
Word List (Glossary)
  • The English Glossary is available for ELA and Math tests.
  • Foreign Language Glossaries are available for Math tests.
Zoom buttons

The following Pause Rules apply to ELA and Math Computer Adaptive Tests:

 

The following Pause Rules apply to ELA and Math Performance Task assessments:


Tool Descriptions

Global Tools

Description

Audio Transcripts

Provides a written transcript of the audio stimuli that can be read by screen readers, or functions as a static document for students who cannot keep up with the closed captioning. JAWS may take the written transcript and send it to a refreshable Braille display if the student uses that functionality. Available for ELA listening passages that have closed captioning.

Calculator To open the on-screen calculator, select the Calculatorcalculator button button.
Dictionary To open the on-screen dictionary, select the Dictionarydictionary button button. Note: The dictionary works like any other online dictionary. Enter words to look up definitions or synonyms.
Global Notes To open an on-screen notepad, select the Notesnotes button button. In the notepad, type comments or notes for yourself. Your notes are saved when you select the Submit and Close button on the notepad window.
Help The help button button at the top right opens this Test Instructions and Help page.
Language Toggle For items and stimuli on the Science test that have content in two languages, such as English and Spanish, you can select the language in which to display the content for easier readability. By default, the item will be presented in the language specified at the beginning of the test, so when Presentation = Spanish, the item will be presented in Spanish. To switch the language, select the Language Toggle button Language Toggle Tool in the global menu.
Line Reader

To highlight an individual line of text in a passage or question, select the Line Readerline reader button.

Line Reader must be enabled.

Masking

To temporarily cover a section of the test screen, use the Maskingmasking button tool.

To use the Masking tool:

  1. Select the Masking button. The button will become orange.
  2. Click and drag until the area you want to cover is fully selected. (The preview will have a blue dashed border.)
  3. Release the mouse button. The masked area will become dark gray.

You can mask other areas if you want to. To close the Masking tool, select the Masking button again. It will become green. To remove a masked area, select X in the upper-right corner of that area.

Pause To pause the test, select the Pausepause button button. You can pause your test at any time. You will be presented with a warning message asking you to verify that you want to pause the test.

Periodic Table

To open an on-screen periodic table of elements, select the Periodic Tableperiodic table button button.
System Settings The cog icon cog wheel icon at the top right allows you to adjust volume during the test.
Zoom buttons Select the Zoom Inzoom in button button to make the text and Resources/Images in the test bigger. Select the Zoom Outzoom out button button to make the text and Resources/Images smaller again. You can zoom in and out up to eight levels.

These tools are for passages and questions. To use these tools, click the context menu context menu button.

Context Menu Tools

Description

American Sign Language

Watch a video of test content translated into ASL.

  • To use this tool, select ASL iconAmerican Sign Language.
    • If only one ASL video is available, the video opens automatically.
    • If multiple ASL videos are available, sign language icons American Sign Language Icon appear next to the test content for each video. Select the icon for the test content you wish to translate into ASL.
Comments To provide feedback for a question, select notepad iconComments from the context menu and either type in your comment or select a comment option from the drop-down list that appears.
Expand/Collapse Stimulus/Passage and Question

You can expand the stimulus/passage section, or the question section for easier readability.

  • To expand the stimulus/passage section, select the right arrow icon Right Arrow Icon at the vertical line separating the stimulus and question sections. To collapse the expanded stimulus/passage section, select the left arrow icon Left Arrow Icon .
  • To expand the question section, select the left arrow icon Left Arrow Icon at the vertical line separating the stimulus and question sections. To collapse the expanded question section, select the right arrow icon Right Arrow Icon .
Highlighter

Highlight a section of text in a passage or test question.

  • Select text on the screen, and then select highlight iconHighlight Selection from the context menu. Next, select an option from the list of colors that appears. The selected text will become highlighted in the selected color.

Notes:

  • Text in Resources/Images cannot be highlighted.
Mark for Review To mark a question for review, select mark for reviewMark for Review from the context menu. The question number displays a dog-eared flap in the upper-right corner, and a flag icon flag icon appears next to the number. The Items drop-down list displays Item Marked for Review Flag for the selected question.
Notepad To enter notes for a question, select notepadNotepad from the context menu. The notepad window opens. After you enter a note, a pencil icon note icon appears next to the question number.
Select Previous Version To review and restore responses previously entered for an open-response question, select the select previous versionSelect Previous Version option from the context menu. A list of saved responses appears. Select the appropriate response and click Submit.
Strikethrough

For selected-response questions, you can cross out an answer option to focus on the options you think might be correct. There are two options for using this tool:

Option A:

  1. To activate Strikethrough mode, open the context menu and select strikethrough iconStrikethrough.
  2. Select each answer option you wish to strike out.
  3. To deactivate Strikethrough mode, press Esc or click outside the response area.

Option B:

  1. Right-click on an answer option and select strikethrough iconStrikethrough.

Text-to-Speech

To listen to stimuli and items, select a speak option from the context menu.

  • Text-to-Speech for stimuli/passages and/or questions is available by selecting the desired option in the Text-to-Speech drop-down menu under Embedded Designated Supports.
Text-to-Speech Tracking When this tool is enabled, words become highlighted as TTS reads them aloud.
Tutorial Each question has a tutorial video that you can watch to learn more about that type of question. To use this tool, select tutorial iconTutorial from the context menu. The video will open on the screen.
Word List (Glossary) A glossary is available for selected words in passages and questions. To open the glossary, click or tap a word that has a dashed line above and below it.



Navigating the Test with Job Access With Speech (JAWS)

This section provides instructions for using JAWS to navigate a test page.

Note: The first time the test loads, JAWS may start reading everything until you stop it. However, on the next test page, the focus will be on the first question on the page.

About Test Regions and Elements

A test page has up to three landmark regions: the Banner, the Navigation region, and the Main region. To navigate between these landmarks using JAWS, press the R key.

JAWS Keyboard Commands

You can use the following keyboard commands to navigate within a test page.

Note: The commands in this table are based on JAWS 16. Commands may be slightly different in other versions.


Action Keyboard Command
Navigate to the next landmark region on the page. R
Move to the next line on the page. Down Arrow
Move to the previous line on the page. Up Arrow
Move to the next component on the page.
  • In general, the following test elements are components:
    • Question number and associated question text
    • Question context menu
    • Response options
    • Navigation and tool buttons
Tab
Move to the previous component on the page. Shift + Tab
Jump to the next heading on the page.
  • In general, the following test components have a heading:
    • Test name (H1)
    • Student name (H2)
    • Passage title (H3)
    • Question number (H3)
Note: On test pages that have multiple questions, you can jump directly from one question to the next. To do so, press H and then press the Down arrow twice.
H
Jump to the previous heading on the page. Shift + H
Select an option or button. Enter
Read everything on the page from your current place on the page. Insert + Down Arrow
Stop JAWS from reading. Ctrl or Space

Opening a Context Menu

The first question on a test page will automatically be in focus. The instructions in this section assume you want to open the context menu for the active landmark element on the page and have not yet used the Tab key to navigate anywhere.

To open the context menu for a stimulus or question:

  1. Do one of the following:
    • If you are opening the context menu for a stimulus, ensure the focus is on the stimulus.
    • If you are opening the context menu for a question, ensure the focus is on the question.
  2. To navigate directly to the context menu button, press Tab twice. JAWS reads aloud “Menu button.”
  3. Press Enter. The context menu opens and displays the list of available menu options. JAWS reads aloud the first option in the menu.
  4. To move up and down the list, press the Up and Down arrow keys. JAWS automatically reads aloud each option.
  5. To select a menu option, press Space.

To exit the menu without making a selection, press the Esc key. JAWS will return focus to the context menu button.

About Question Labels

After you use a context menu tool for a given question, a label for that tool appears next to the question number. When you navigate to a question with labels, you can press Tab to navigate to each label, which JAWS reads aloud.


Responding to Questions with JAWS

This section provides basic guidance for responding to question types that may appear on a test.

Note: The instructions in this section assume that the question does not display any question labels. If you have used a context menu tool for a question, you must press Tab an additional time for each question label that appears.

Multiple-Choice and Multi-Select Questions

The procedures for responding to Multiple-Choice and Multi-Select questions are similar.

  1. After listening to the question text, press Tab twice. JAWS reads aloud the option’s text. If the option is an image, JAWS reads the text description associated with the image.
  2. To navigate between each answer option, use the Tab and Shift + Tab commands (or use the Up and Down arrow keys). JAWS reads aloud the text for the option in focus.
  3. To select the response option in focus as your response, press Space. The answer option is selected and JAWS reads “Space.”

Hot Text Questions

Hot text questions require you to select at least one word, phrase, or sentence.

  1. After listening to the question text, press the Tab key twice. This will take you to the first selectable word, phrase, or sentence. JAWS will read aloud the text that is in focus.
  2. To navigate between each selectable text area, use the Tab and Shift + Tab commands. JAWS will read aloud the selectable text.
  3. To choose a selectable text area in focus as your response, press the Enter key. JAWS will announce the text is checked.

Edit Task Questions

Edit task questions require you to replace an incorrect selectable word or phrase.

Important Notes About JAWS and Edit Task Questions:

It is strongly recommended that you read through an entire question before editing text.

  1. Use the Down arrow to read through each line of text. If a line of text has a selectable word or phrase, JAWS will say "clickable" after the word or phrase.
  2. Navigate to each selectable text field in the question.
    • Option 1: Return to the beginning of the question.
      • Press Shift + H.
      • Press Tab to go to the first selectable text field.
    • Option 2: Move backwards through the selectable text fields in the question.
      • Press Shift + Tab.
  3. When the selectable text is in focus, press Space. This will open the edit menu. JAWS will read "Edit tools dialog" and provide additional instructions.
    • Text box: Type in the replacement word or phrase.
    • Drop-down list: Use the Up and Down arrow keys to move between options in the list. JAWS will read aloud each option. To select an option, press Enter.
  4. Press Tab to navigate to the OK button in the edit menu. Press Enter. The edit menu will close and the question will be back in focus.

Text Response Questions

Text response questions require you to enter text into a text box.

  1. Read the question and then use the Tab command to move to the response area. JAWS will read "Edit, type in text."
  2. When you are done entering a response, press Tab. You will leave the text box and move to the next question on the page.

Table Match Questions

Table match questions require you to mark at least one checkbox in a table. The table will have multiple rows and columns. The table row heading and column heading are not selectable. The selectable table cells have checkboxes.

  1. After listening to the question text, press the Tab key twice. This will take you to the first table cell that has a checkbox. JAWS will read aloud the corresponding column name and row name for that table cell.
  2. To navigate to each cell that has a checkbox, press the Tab key. JAWS will read aloud the corresponding column and row name for each cell.
  3. To mark a checkbox, press Space.

Equation Questions

Equation questions require you to enter a math equation or expression in a text field using an on-screen keypad.

  1. To navigate between the keypad buttons, press Tab or Shift + Tab. JAWS reads aloud the character or action for each button.
  2. To enter a character in the text field or perform an action from the keypad toolbar, press Enter. You can also press the corresponding key on your keyboard, if available.
  3. Optional: To add special characters to the text field, press Alt + 7 with the focus on the text field. A pop-up window opens, with a drop-down list of the available characters. To move between the options in this list, use the arrow keys. JAWS reads the name of each special character. To insert the selected character, press Enter.


Navigating the Test without JAWS

This section provides instructions for using keyboard commands to navigate a test page without JAWS.

About Test Regions and Elements

A test page has up to three regions: the Banner, the Navigation region, and the Main region.

Keyboard Commands

You can use the following keyboard commands to navigate within a test page.


Action Keyboard Command
Move to the next component on the page.
  • In general, the following test elements are components:
    • Question number and associated text
    • Passages
    • Context menus
    • Response options
    • Navigation and tool buttons
Tab
Move to the previous component on the page. Shift + Tab
Select a response option or mark a checkbox. Space
Select a button, open a menu, or select a menu option. Enter
Move to the next option in a context menu. Down Arrow
Move to the previous option in a context menu. Up Arrow
Close a context menu. Esc

Opening a Context Menu

To open the context menu for a stimulus or question:

  1. Do one of the following:
    • If you are opening the context menu for a stimulus, ensure the focus is on the stimulus.
    • If you are opening the context menu for a question, ensure the focus is on the question.
  2. To navigate directly to the context menu button, press Tab twice.
  3. Press Enter. The context menu opens and displays the list of available menu options.
  4. To move up and down the list, press the Up and Down arrow keys.
  5. To select a menu option, press Space.

To exit the menu without making a selection, press the Esc key.


Responding to Questions without JAWS

This section provides basic guidance for responding to question types that may appear on a test.

Note: The instructions in this section assume that the question does not display any question labels. If you have used a context menu tool for a question, you must press Tab an additional time for each question label that appears.

Multiple-Choice and Multi-Select Questions

The procedures for responding to Multiple-Choice and Multi-Select questions are similar.

  1. After listening to the question text, press Tab twice.
  2. To navigate between each answer option, use the Tab and Shift + Tab commands (or use the Up and Down arrow keys).
  3. To select the response option in focus as your response, press Space.

Hot Text Questions

Hot text questions require you to select at least one word, phrase, or sentence.

  1. After reading the question, press the Tab key until the first selectable text area is in focus.
  2. To navigate between each selectable text area, use the Tab and Shift + Tab commands.
  3. To choose a selectable text area in focus as your response, press the Enter key.

Edit Task Questions

Edit task questions require you to replace an incorrect selectable word or phrase.

  1. To navigate to a selectable text field in the question, press the Tab key.
  2. When the selectable text is in focus, press Space. This will open the edit menu.
    • Text box: Type in the replacement word or phrase.
    • Drop-down list: Use the Up and Down arrow keys to move between options in the list. To select an option, press Enter.
  3. Press Tab to navigate to the OK button in the edit menu. Press Enter. The edit menu will close and the question will be back in focus.

Text Response Questions

Text response questions require you to enter text into a text box.

  1. Read the question and then use the Tab key to move to the response area.
  2. When you are done entering a response, press Tab. You will leave the text box and move to the next question on the page.

Table Match Questions

Table match questions require you to mark at least one checkbox in a table. The table will have multiple rows and columns. The table row heading and column heading are not selectable. The selectable table cells have checkboxes.

  1. After listening to the question text, press the Tab key until the first table cell with a checkbox is in focus.
  2. To navigate to each cell that has a checkbox, press the Tab key.
  3. To mark a checkbox, press Space.

Equation Questions

Equation questions require you to enter a math equation or expression in a text field using an on-screen keypad.

  1. To navigate between the keypad buttons, press Tab or Shift + Tab.
  2. To enter a character in the text field or perform an action from the keypad toolbar, press Enter. You can also press the corresponding key on your keyboard, if available.
  3. Optional: To add special characters to the text field, press Alt + 7 with the focus on the text field. A pop-up window opens, with a drop-down list of the available characters. To move between the options in this list, use the arrow keys. To insert the selected character, press Enter.